A 100% ecological project :
Wind turbines in arctic area
Aim of this project is starting to really solve one of the problems caused by global warming.
So this project must be exemplary at all levels.
We put in place this solution's technical foundations to be able to act sustainably. From the start everything must be done optimally and in an exemplary manner.
As no material, and no method used elsewhere can be used in this project because of extreme conditions, all is to think again, with a priority criterion to not pollute.
The project is hyper ecological :
- Zero carbon footprint in polar regions.
- No use of fossil fuel in polar regions.
Electric energy from wind turbines everywhere.
Even boats bringing equipment must function with electricity from wind power (fuel cell and hydrogen produced with wind power).
- All installations are easily removable, without leaving 1 gram of waste : pipelines, housing, etc.
Deconstruction must be simple. Dismantling is planned during construction.
- Analysis by environmentalist NGOs :
- before construction,
- during construction,
- during functioning.
To show well that we want something super ecological and totally beyond reproach, we place all standards above what do other polar expeditions.
All polar expeditions use fossil fuels. But in this project, aim is not to use it. There, it is an even greater requirement.
Habitually, planes, helicopters, highly polluting tractor units, etc, are used, even in Antarctica.
Until now, no polar expedition has set the bar as high.
Wind turbines to not pollute the atmosphere on site :
We must use renewable energies.
Mainly wind turbine energy which is available in winter, while the sun is not.
Because the consumption of fossil fuels is the cause of global warming and then of the sea level rise.
To use fossil fuels to fight against consequences of using fossil fuels would be a nonsense.
But also, because water storage locations as ice (Antarctica, Greenland, Svalbard, etc) are natural reserves which must not be polluted.
Polar environments are largely untouched by pollution, and which should not be polluted.
So using fossil fuels would be a very bad idea.
Solar energy is very difficult to use in polar areas (arctic and antarctic), because half of the year the sun is absent, and the other half of the time it is of low intensity despite its permanent presence.
On the coasts of Antarctica and Greenland, and in polar areas in general, there are strong winds that can drive effectively wind turbines.
Electric cables transporting electricity are installed next to pipeline transporting water to store.
Fuel cells can be used to store electrical power.
Wind turbine in Antarctica
The obligation of desalination :
Antarctic and Arctic waters are very rich in krill and in phytoplankton.
Furthermore, water which is pumped in oceans is salty.
But water which will be stored as ice must be pure water.
Because storage locations (Antarctica, Greenland, Svalbard, etc) are the largest pure water reserves on Earth (Greenland contains 10% of pure water on Earth).
Moreover, they are protected natural reserves which must not be altered or polluted, this control is very strict.
So we can only store pure water.
Moreover, frozen salted water could have an unpredictable behavior, because its melting temperature is lower than for pure water, and salt could migrate down and contaminate lower layers made of pure water.
We must only replicate nature's mechanism by storing pure snow or pure ice.
So, water to store must be filtered : krill, phytoplankton, salt, etc, must stay at sea.
Filtration and desalination are done before sending water in terrestrial pipeline.
Not a gram of salt, or phytoplankton or krill is stored on polar ice.
Water is stored as snow or ice, as nature does.
Project aim is to correct ecological errors that have been made by emitting massively greenhouse gases, so project must not produce greenhouse gases.
This is also the demonstration that a project working at 100% with renewable energies can function in the worst possible weather conditions.
This is moreover a project totally removable at 100% to leave no trace.
Storing is totally reversible.
Inside Antarctica and Greenland, there is no wildlife or flora, weather conditions do not allow it.
So environmental impact is nil :
- there are no animals on the antarctic polar cap or greenlandic polar cap,
- there is no vegetation in these regions.
This project must be ecologically exemplary :
- Zero pollution during construction.
- Zero pollution during utilization.
- Zero pollution after utilization (dismantling).
- Zero air pollution.
- Zero water pollution.
- Zero glaciers pollution.